Traumatic brain injuries are complex, with symptoms that can cause a range of disabilities or impairments. They can have a devastating impact on the patient and their family because of the physical, mental and emotional challenges involved.
It is an injury caused by trauma, such as a violent impact to the head or an object piercing the skull and entering the brain. They are common with injured military personnel and can also be caused by car crashes, falls, violence and sports injuries. A concussion is a minor form of traumatic brain injury that causing temporary brain cell dysfunction, resulting in dizziness, memory, sensory or concentration problems. More severe injuries can cause bruising, torn tissues, bleeding and other damage in the brain. The results of these injuries can include behavioral issues, emotional issues, seizures, infections, nerve damage, altered consciousness, loss of coordination, loss of bodily functions and also cognitive and communication problems.
Minor traumatic brain injuries can cause seconds or minutes of unconsciousness, dizziness, impaired balance, memory or concentration, headaches, sleep and mood changes and sensitivity to light and sound. Moderate and severe injuries can cause symptoms such as a deep state of confusion, agitation, slurred speech, convulsions, pupil dilation and loss of coordination. Loss of bodily functions, worsening headaches and episodes of nausea and vomiting may also result.
One of the most important things with treating traumatic brain injuries is to ensure that enough oxygen is being supplied to the brain and body. Blood pressure management and adequate blood flow are also essential. The key treatment is generally rehabilitation, but surgery and medication are also available. Psychiatrists, occupational therapists and speech pathologists may be necessary for the patient, while psychiatrists and social workers can assist families with behavioral changes and coping strategies. Maintaining proper nutrition and avoiding ulcers are often problems for patients with traumatic brain injuries.
HealthNow Healthcare professionals can provide services to cover most needs of a traumatic brain injury patient and their family. They have many years of expertise in helping patients and their family recover. They can develop tailored care plans that include physical, occupational and speech therapy as well as social work services. HealthNow can also provide respite care for families that need a break.