The prevention of skin cancer is very important, no matter the age of the person. However, as we age and our skin goes through changes and the risk for developing skin cancer is staying. According to the researches, one in every five people in the United States will eventually develop skin cancer during their lifetime. That is why it is very important for all of us to stop the skin cancer from forming.
Follow these simple guidelines that will help you lower the risk from getting skin cancer:
- Always stay in the shade between these hours – 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. in the hot summer months, when the sun is at its strongest peak. At that time, stay at home or stay in the shade to protect your skin.
- Always apply sunscreen of a broad spectrum SPF 15, 30 or even higher. Apply that sunscreen on the exposed parts of the skin on every two hours. If you plan an extended outdoor activity, use a broad spectrum, water-resistant sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.
- Always apply 2 tablespoons of sunscreen to your entire body half an hour before going out. Then reapply that on every two hours, after excessive sweating or swimming.
- Be aware also during the winter around snow and water, as they cannot only reflect but also intensify the sun’s rays.
- Always protect yourself by wearing a wide-brimmed hat, along with sunglasses, pants and a long-sleeved shirt every time that is possible.
- Forget about the tanning Beds, they are extremely bed for your health. If you still want to look tan, then use a self-tanner and also sunscreen. The tanning beds can lead to wrinkles and can also cause cancer.
- Regularly examine your skin for changes and new spots. Do that every month.
- Try to see a dermatologist every year go get a professional skin exam. In case you have bleeding or feel itching, contact your doctor immediately.
Look for cancer warning signs. These might be:
- A spot or sore that continues to itch, crust, scab, hurt, erode or bleed, or
- An open sore that does not heal within two weeks a skin growth, mole, beauty mark or brown spot that:
- increases in size or thickness
- changes in texture
- changes color or appears translucent, pearly, tan, brown, black or multicolored
- is bigger than 6mm, the size of a pencil eraser
- is irregular in outline or border
- is asymmetrical
- appears after age 21
Further know that: The general rules for melanoma that have been published are not followed by all melanomas. For example, the amelanotic melanoma has no brown or black; while the nodular melanoma, is often symmetrical, with fairly regular borders and few colors. And still, the invasive melanomas can be smaller than six millimeters. That is why don’t skip an odd-looking or changing mole, but better show it to your dermatologist.